St. Alban’s (Verulamium) – Quick Facts
- Verulamiumwas the first Roman town in Britain built around AD50.
- Attacked and razed to the ground by Boudica and rebels from the Iceni and Trinovantes tribes in AD 60/61.
- Partially destroyed by fire in AD 155.
- Where St. Alban, the first Christian martyr in Britain, was beheaded in the late third century AD.
- Excellent collection of mosaics dating from AD 150-300, including the Shell Mosaic, the Oceanus Mosaic and the Lion and Stag Mosaic.
- Wall and ceiling paintings.
- Enameled brooches of hares, horses and ducks.
- Lead coffins and burial artefacts.
- Wall sections 12 feet high.
- Outline of the London Gate.
- Large geometric/floral mosaic floors of a wealthy town house in situ.
- Only remains of a Roman theatre in Britain. Unusual because it has a round orchestra and resembles a small amphitheatre.
- Townhouse and shop foundations.